The National Police Service Commission (NPSC) is one of the independent commissions established under Chapter Fifteen of the Constitution 2010. The Commission is established under Article 246 of the Constitution. It took over, among other functions, the human resource management function of the Police Service, that previously was being handled by the Public Service Commission.
The establishment of the National Police Service Commission to specifically oversee the human resource functions of the National Police Service is not only anchored in the Constitution, but also a culmination of findings and recommendations by various task forces appointed by the Government on the role of the Police in providing security and maintaining law and order.
The Alston Report, Akiwumi Report, Waki Report and the Ransley Report pointed out that one of the critical areas that led to a dysfunctional police service was the manner in which the powers and functions of appointments, transfers, promotions and discipline were exercised. Among the recommendations of the Ransley task force was the delinking of the police from the Public Service Commission and the establishment of the Police Service Commission, dedicated to overseeing the human resource function of the Police Service.
As stipulated in Article 246(2)(a), the Commission consists of nine (9) members, which include a person qualified to be appointed as a High Court Judge; two retired senior police officers; three persons of integrity who have served the public with distinction; the Inspector-General of the National Police Service and both Deputy Inspectors-General of the National Police Service.
The NPSC became operational on 5th October 2012 after the appointment into office of six Commissioners through Gazette Notice N0. 95 of 3rd October, 2012. These comprised of the Chairman, Johnston Kavuludi; the Vice Chairperson, Esther Chui Colombini; Ronald Leposo Musengi; Mary Auma Owuor; Murshid. A. Mohamed and Dr. Maj. (Rtd) Shadrack Muiu. The office of the Vice Chairperson fell vacant following the demise of the Esther Chui Colombini in November 2013 and has not yet been filled.
The Commission is in charge of human resource management of the National Police Service, which comprises the Kenya Police, the Administration Police and the Directorate of Criminal Investigations.
The Mandate of the National Police Service Commission
The NPSC derives its mandate from the Constitution of Kenya 2010. Article 246 (3) gives the Commission the mandate to:
- Recruit and appoint persons to hold or act in office in the police service, confirm appointments and determine promotions and transfers within the National Police Service.
- Observing due process, exercise disciplinary control over and remove persons holding or acting in offices within the service
- Perform any other functions as prescribed by the national legislation.